When it comes to enterprise applications to be made software developers, in this era, generally look up to two languages and the technologies they provide and the frameworks available for Rapid Application Development (RAD); and these languages are Sun Microsystem’s (now Oracle’s) Java and Microsoft’s .NET. Both Java and .NET is not just language name rather they are much more than mere languages however, for the sake of simplicity we would refer to them as languages. As far as comparison goes these languages stand neck to neck and therefore choosing between them is not an easy task. In the following post, therefore, we have tried to make a healthy comparison between the two.
Java Vs .NET: The Differences
Microsoft’s .NET framework was primarily targeted for applications to run on Windows environment; and this is quite understandable since both Windows and .NET are from Microsoft! (Nevertheless, this does not mean that there are not implements of .NET to work on diverse platforms). However, unlike .NET’s specificity upon Windows, Java was made to be work in any environment; at its very architecture was platform independency.
- Must Read: 10 things you can do after B.Tech
To create enterprise level applications Java offers its J2EE API. However, it also mandates that the application must be written in Java language only. Contrary to this .NET does not restrict developers to use languages specific to .NET; C#, F#, VB.net are a few examples; any language can be used until it is compatible to run in .NET environment.
Another area of concern for developers is propriety to openness rights. Although .NET is a free product, however, it does not rely on any third party developments to its APIs. Microsoft almost solely holds a predominant role in any enhancement/development of the product. The implication is that developers could enjoy enhancements to the software only when Microsoft does it. On the other hand Java is committed to openness where numerous third-party vendors would provide implementations for the API. This immediately implies that there would be more innovation and enhancements for the developers to enjoy.
The simplest example of the foregoing propriety influence can be seen with the fact that at one place .NET developers must code using Microsoft’s Visual Studio IDE, Java programmers have an entire bunch of IDEs to choose from – MyEclipse, Eclipse etc to name a few of them!
At the end of the day developers would select between .NET and Java based on a variety of factors. However, it appears from our observation so far that .NET is a bit more controlling on its developers than Java, quite obviously for business purposes. On the other hand Java through its openness wants to make its product so popular that every second developer would have its hands on it – let us see which side the wind blows.